- (establishes the right to) refugee status and subsidiary protection
- (incorporates the principle of) non-refoulement
"Geneva Convention" means the Convention of 28 July 1951 relating to the status of refugees, as amended by the New York Protocol of 31 January 1967;
The Geneva Convention on Refugees of 1951 defined refugees, accorded them specific rights, and prohibited their refoulement (or forcible return) from countries of refuge.
The 1951 Geneva Convention is the main international instrument of refugee law.
Synonyms and variants
- 1951 Geneva Convention
- Geneva Convention of 1951
Because of this, refugees are protected by international laws, including the UN Declaration of Human Rights and the Geneva Convention.
As a result, the region is hosting one of the largest refugee populations in the world, while most of the host countries (except Turkey and Israel with time and geographical restrictions) are not signatories of the Geneva Convention of 1951.