- (is a type of) refugee
According to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), the number of forcibly displaced people worldwide reached 59.5 million at the end of 2014, the highest level since World War II. Of these 59.5 million, 19.5 million were refugees and 1.8 million were asylum seekers. The rest were persons displaced within their own countries (internally displaced persons).
- internally displaced person
There are more displaced persons today than at any other point in the history of the world. Most of these people have been displaced from their homes by persecution, conflict, environmental disasters, and economic strain.
Many displaced persons, usually poorer migrants who lack the finances necessary to travel abroad, have had to relocate within their countries. For example, in Baghdad, internally displaced persons (IDPs) often squat in bombed-out buildings with no water, electricity, sewage, or garbage disposal.
Furthermore, the UNHCR estimates there are close to 60 million displaced persons globally in 2014.