There is no legally recognised definition of a migrant. However, the term is understood to describe a person who is neither a refugee nor asylum seeker but is a person who has a legitimate reason for leaving their country of origin.
In reality, a refugee is an involuntary migrant, a victim of politics, war or natural catastrophe. In the above context, one becomes a refugee migrant, but not every migrant is a refugee.
An economic migrant is a person who voluntarily leaves their home country to live in another country with ostensibly better working or living conditions.
- economic migrant
- refugees and migrants
- asylum seekers and migrants
- migrants with disabilities
- migrant boats
Border patrols first filter through the asylum-seekers, those with medical problems and economic migrants to ensure that they do not present security concerns.
The Mediterranean has been plagued by shipwrecks in recent months involving migrants trying to reach Europe from Africa and the Middle East.
Indeed, many forced migrants with disabilities who this researcher encountered during field work articulated their need for rehabilitation and care using the framework and language of disability rights.
The term "migrant" is often used as a synonym for "refugee" in less formal/non-normative environments. They are, however, two separate concepts de iure, with "refugee" constituting a specific subtype of "migrant".